Fulling
Fulling
Fluffing
Finishing
Finishing
Decating

Fulling

In fulling, the carded yarn fabric is felted with water, heat and movement. It is kneaded (fulled) until a surface matting is created. This lends the loden a pleasing feel with good consistency and positive performance characteristics.

Fluffing

The felt mat is roughed to produce a soft, fluffy surface (velours) and also to ensure that the fluffed fibres are aligned in the same direction ("strichloden"). As a result, the fibres lie one on top of the other and overlap like roof tiles. Together with a waterproofing treatment, this effectively prevents water penetration, and raindrops simply drip to the ground.

Finishing

A variety of finishing processes can be employed to ensure that the fabrics are perfectly suited perform their intended purposes:

  • water-repellent finishing
  • oil-repellent finishing
  • flame-retardant finishing
  • mothproof finishing
  • stiffening
  • antistatic finishing
  • washable finishing


Decating

The fabrics are treated with steam to give them their final shape and size and to make the textile perfectly smooth. This also lends the superior quality fabrics their refined final finish, which is evident in their rich lustre and the smoothness of their surfaces.